ChatGPT: here’s what you need to know

by Marzia Parmigiani
8 minutes read
chatgpt robot - ChatGPT: here's what you need to know

After the Metaverse’s phenomenon, recently, there has been nothing but talk about ChatGPT and its use has raised a lot of controversy and ethical questions practically all over the world. But why is this happening?

In this article we will discuss ChatGPT: here’s what you need to know.

OpenAI, a research and AI firm, developed ChatGPT, which was released on November 30th, 2022. ChatGPT is an AI-based natural language processing tool that can interact in a manner similar to humans and perform various other functions. The language model can help you with various tasks, such as drafting emails, essays, and code, and answer your questions. But how does it function?

Currently, ChatGPT is open for public use at no cost, as it is still in the phase of gathering feedback and research. However, a paid version of ChatGPT, called ChatGPT Plus, was launched at the beginning of February.

How significant is the impact of ChatGPT? Chatgpt chatbot!

ChatGPT is a game-changer, on par with the internet’s level of disruption. Elon Musk, one of the founders of OpenAI, commented that “ChatGPT is scary good. We are not far from dangerously strong AI”. Meanwhile, OpenAI’s chief, Sam Altman, revealed on Twitter that ChatGPT had amassed more than one million users in its first five days of release.

According to Swiss bank UBS’s analysis, ChatGPT is the fastest-growing app of all time, with an estimated 100 million active users just two months after its launch. To put that into perspective, it took nine months for TikTok to achieve the same milestone.

chatgpt robots aiChatGPT: here's what you need to know

How can you access ChatGPT? How does Chatgpt work?

Accessing ChatGPT is easy. Simply visit chat.openai.com and create an OpenAI account. Alternatively, you can use the old URL, chat.openai.com/chat, which has been simplified for user convenience. Once you’ve signed in, you can start conversing with ChatGPT by asking a question.

As ChatGPT is still in the research phase, it’s completely free to use, and you can ask as many questions as you’d like, regardless of your intended use, including writing, coding, and much more.

While a paid subscription model is available, the free version is still an excellent option, providing the same technical capabilities, with the exception of the latest version of the AI, GPT-4, which is only accessible through the subscription model. The paid version also offers extra perks, such as guaranteed access even at capacity and faster response times.

What if I can’t access ChatGPT because it’s at capacity?

ChatGPT remains free to use, but its advanced capabilities have attracted a significant number of users. The website operates using a server, and when too many people try to access it, the server can overload and be unable to process your request.

Don’t worry; you can still access it later when fewer people are attempting to do the same. Alternatively, you can keep the tab open and refresh it periodically. But in what ways are people utilizing ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is more than just a simple question-and-answer chatbot. It has a wide range of functions that include writing essays, providing detailed art descriptions, generating prompts for AI art, engaging in philosophical discussions, and even coding on your behalf.

ChatGPT cab be incredibly helpful for creating basic lists like packing, grocery, and to-do lists, to make daily life more organized and efficient. The possibilities for using ChatGPT are endless, and it can be applied to various fields, from academia to business.

How does ChatGPT operate and how does it differ from a search engine?

ChatGPT is built on the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT), a language model architecture developed by OpenAI. The specific version of GPT used by ChatGPT is fine-tuned from the GPT-3.5 series, as stated by OpenAI. However, with a subscription to ChatGPT Plus, users can access the latest and most advanced model, GPT-4, which OpenAI has developed.

Generative AI models like ChatGPT are trained on vast amounts of data from the internet, including websites, books, news articles, and other sources. The language model is fine-tuned through supervised learning and reinforcement learning, including Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF), a unique feature of ChatGPT in which human AI trainers provide conversations as both user and AI assistant, according to OpenAI.

ChatGPT is a language model designed to converse with the user, while a search engine indexes web pages to help users find information on the internet.

ChatGPT cannot search the internet for information but uses its training data to generate a response, which may contain errors.

Additionally, ChatGPT has access to information only up to 2021, whereas search engines like Google have access to the latest information. For example, ChatGPT don’t know who won the 2022 World Cup, but Google does know.

What are the constraints of ChatGPT?

Despite its impressive appearance, ChatGPT is not without limitations. These limitations include its inability to respond to questions that are phrased in a specific manner, as it requires rephrasing for comprehension. A more significant constraint is the lack of accuracy in its responses, which can sometimes be plausible but impractical or overly verbose.

Rather than seeking clarification on ambiguous questions, the model makes assumptions about the intended question, leading to unintended responses. This constraint has resulted in StackOverflow, a developer Q&A site, temporarily banning ChatGPT-generated responses to queries.

According to Stack Overflow moderators, “The primary issue is that although ChatGPT’s answers have a high rate of being incorrect, they often appear plausible, and the responses are straightforward to generate”. Critics contend that these tools excel at organizing words in a statistically sensible manner but are incapable of comprehending their significance or determining the accuracy of their statements.

What are the reasons for some individuals’ worries about ChatGPT? Is Chatgpt safe?

There are concerns that AI chatbots such as ChatGPT could supplant or impair human intelligence. For example, the chatbot can swiftly generate an article on any subject (albeit not necessarily accurately), potentially rendering human writers obsolete.

Moreover, the chatbot can produce an entire essay within seconds, enabling students to cheat or evade learning how to write effectively. This has prompted certain school districts to restrict access to the tool.

Another concern related to AI chatbots is the potential propagation of misinformation. As the bot is not connected to the internet, it may make errors in the information it conveys.

The Bottom Line

So, is ChatGPT a beneficial or detrimental innovation? Well, we are talking about an advanced chatbot that has the potential to simplify people’s lives by assisting with mundane tasks such as writing emails or finding information on the internet. Nevertheless, certain technical issues need to be resolved before it is widely adopted to avoid negative outcomes like the dissemination of inaccurate information. In general, AI and ML models necessitate extensive training and fine-tuning to achieve optimal performance.

Experts have highlighted some important ethical and social implications associated with the widespread use of ChatGPT, including issues related to privacy, security and responsible use. Furthermore, the use of ChatGPT has raised ethical concerns regarding the possibility of fraud and plagiarism, especially in the academic context. However, despite these issues, many experts believe that ChatGPT can still provide numerous benefits, if it is used responsibly and in line with ethical principles. Awareness of the social and ethical impacts of using ChatGPT should be encouraged and further explored in order to promote a conscious use of this technology.

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